Skin experts again remind about sun damage possibilities during the Independence Day holidays. Sun damage to skin can take place anywhere, so adequate protection is essential. Just to recollect at this point, about 90 per cent of non-melanoma skin cancers and about 86 per cent of melanomas can be attributed to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sun.
People heading to the beach are especially advised to be vigilant, because water reflects up to 10 percent of the sun's rays, sea foam about 25 percent, and sand about 15 percent, adding to the overall exposure to skin.
Some of the steps to prevent sun damage, advised by the Skin Cancer Foundation are :
- Try to remain under shade, especially between 10 AM and 4 PM
- Do not allow skin to burn
- Avoid tanning and UV tanning booths
- Cover up well, like broad-brimmed hat and UV-blocking sunglasses
- Use a broad spectrum (UVA/IVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher. For extended outdoor activity, use a water-resistant, broad spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher
- Apply sunscreen to entire body before going outdoors, and repeat two hours after swimming or excessive sweating
- Keep newborns out of sun